นาย ฑภิพร สุพร นิสิตชั้นปีที่ 4 ภาควิชารัฐศาสตร์ฯ
วิพากษ์ชัยวัฒน์ สถาอานันท์ : วิวัฒน์ทรรศนะเกี่ยวกับ การก่อการร้ายหลังสมัยใหม่*
This research aims to investigate the 9/11 terrorism, focusing on postmodern terrorism and also wants to verify that this attack cannot be explained via the postmodern lens, but it remains included within the set of modern explanation.
The work of Chaiwat Sata-anan on Postmodern Terrorism is a milestone of this research.Chaiwat claimed that the September 11 attacks was the breakthrough of postmodern terrorism for two reasons; firstly, there were no metanarratives in this incident and secondly, the weapon used in the 9/11 attacks were not the weapon of mass destructive or WMD , but it was just four planes that we use in our everyday life.
The research has found that the September 11 attacks cannot be explained by the postmodern explanation as Chaiwat stated in his articles.Moreover, the 9/11 attacks remain in the set of modern explanation because of anexistence of metanarratives in Lyotard’s Concept. These metanarratives were not rejected or eliminated from anyoneelse. On the other hand, Metanarratives , the powerful universal narrative influenced American and thecosmopolitans, were established in the United States of America and the American metanarratives have manipulated and controlled over other narratives, especially the Micronarratives – a diversity of narratives created by the non – U.S.
If these attacks had been obviously proved to contain none of the metanarratives as Chaiwat said, our stereotypewould have been expanded wider than the fixed idea about “Osama bin Laden” or “Al Qaeda” being the terrorists andThe main reason why we cannot get rid of such idea in our mindset is because of the process of production and reproduction of those metanarratives. The second reason concerns that the weapon transformation used in 9/11 attacks was not a good explanation of the so-called postmodern. As a matter of fact, it was just only the old movements in thenew strategy.
Last but not least, The research has as well found another two characteristics of modern terrorism; first, despitethe fact that Al Qaeda and Osama bin Laden have consequently attempted to demolish and condemn the wicked western tradition, they cannot deny or stop relying on modern innovations to compete against modernism, and therewas a concept of binary opposition in an aftermath of the attacks. The binary opposition of Claude Levi Strauss, theFrench structuralist, emphasizes the existence of the set of modern explanation considering from George W. Bush’sspeech:“Every nation in every region now has a decision to make. Either you are with us, or you are with theterrorists”
In conclusion, the September 11 attacks remain within the set of modern explanation which includes themetanarratives and binary opposition including the powerful modern technology used by the anti-modern i.e.Al Qaeda and bin Laden to fight against the modern/globalization ironically. Even if they hide underneath the mysterious mountain somewhere in Afghanistan, they still cannot stop using the advantage of modern tools in theirevery day life.
*บทคัดย่อจา่กงานวิจัย เรื่องวิพากษ์ชัยวัฒน์ สถาอานันท์ : วิวัฒน์ทรรศนะเกี่ยวกับ การก่อการร้ายหลังสมัยใหม่
(Criticisms of Chaiwat Sata-anan : Evolving Viewsof the Postmodern Terrorism)
Read more in Thai : http://www.mediafire.com/?gf1awz74gr4pkcz